LED at 230V

Small circuit to run a LED on line voltage (English)

This little circuit allows to connect a LED to line voltage. A LED can not handle with 230V AC and needs a current which is limted to ca. 15mA. The first issue is simply solved with a diode which eliminates the voltage in reverse-biasing. The current is limited by the combination of the resistor and capacitor. Used at AC capacitors work as frequency dependent resistors. You can simply calculate the capacitive resistance of the capacitor by the following formula:

Formula to calculate the capacitive resistance

Based on a frequency of 50Hz and a capacity of 220nF you get a reactance of ca. 16kΩ. This is just perfect for a LED. The resistor prevents that the capacitor does not charge that abruptly.


Attention. This circuit works with life threatening line voltage. All parts of this circuit are connected to the grid! You have to make sure that it is not possible to touch any parts of the circuit at any time. You have to unplug the circuit everytime you want to check it.

Part list

Circuit diagram

Circuit diagram


Built up circuit without enclosure Built up circuit without enclosure

32 comments RSS feed

Colin Mitchell on 10/17/13 10:19AM E-mail address

What is the purpose of the 220R when you have a 220n and 2k2 surge suppressor?????

Patrick on 09/08/12 03:20PM

What about placing a small electrolytic capacitor (say 47uF 16V) over the LED in order to reduce 50 Hz flickering? Would that work?

jagan on 02/11/12 08:54AM E-mail address

The power supply is given to ckt diagram the R=2.2k is blast any other idea

Keyur patel on 10/14/11 03:13PM E-mail address

This idea is wrong.
The power supply is given to ckt diagram the R=2.2k is blast and led is operate but idea me the ressistor is 56 k the operate yes or no

ramesh on 08/30/11 11:36AM

it help to know

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